A teacher and her students

Interventions That Can Help Children/Students with NVLD:

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For Associated Spatial Perception Problems

  • Reducing novelty in a situation by reminding students of strategies they used to handle similar problems or similar circumstances
  • Providing explicit verbal instruction for anything that requires understanding a part/whole relationship
  • Reducing amount of visual stimulus on a page
  • Providing a picture of what their desk or cubby should look like
  • Providing feedback about why difficulties arise, in a positive manner

For Associated Attention Problems

  • Visual contact to check if student is listening
  • Repeating a predetermined ‘alerting’ word that instructions are coming next
  • Fidgets
  • Movement breaks
  • Seating with limited visual distractions

For Associated Motor Problems

  • Explicit instruction (with repetition) when teaching a motor skill
  • Handwriting instruction such as Handwriting Without Tears
  • Keyboarding instruction such as Type To Learn
  • Occupational Therapy

For Associated Executive Function Problems

  • Samples of how to solve novel problems
  • Develop a repertoire of approaches to a problem when something looks unfamiliar
  • Practice learning the material in many different ways such as by labeling it, drawing it, answering essay questions about it, and completing short answer questions about it.

For Associated Writing Problems

  • Graphic organizers (concept maps, flow charts, outlines, etc.)
  • When necessary, allow students to type written assignments or even use voice recognition software such as Talk To Type instead of handwriting

For Associated Math Problems

  • Use language to describe every step explicitly
  • Students should use their verbal skills to narrate all math procedures
  • Always show sample problems on top of homework (or a test)
  • Use consistent spatial arrangement of items in math problems